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Sectors

KAM members are categorised into 14 sectors, 12 of which are in processing and value addition while the other two offer essential services to enhance formal industry. Sub-sectors are defined by the type of raw materials companies import or the products they manufacture.

This way, members in a particular sector form a cohesive group of competitors but with common issues of concern, hence the need to prepare common policy positions for joint advocacy and negotiation with relevant government institutions in addressing issues of grave concern.

BUILDING, MINING & CONSTRUCTION
This sector constitutes 3 per cent of the total membership and is divided in the following sub-sectors:

  • Cement Production: Manufacturers of cement, lime and plaster
  • Building and Construction Accessories: Companies manufacturing building glass, ceramic products, marbles, bricks and tiles
  • Building and Construction Accessories: Mining & Quarrying: Those involved in stone quarrying, clay and sand pits

CHEMICAL & ALLIED
The Chemical and Allied Sector accounts for 9 per cent of the total membership. The sector is divided into three sub-sectors namely:

  • Industrial Chemicals: Manufacturers of basic industrial chemicals including fertilisers and pesticides.
  • Cosmetics: Manufacturers of soap and cleaning preparations, perfumes, cosmetics and other toilet preparations.
  • Paint and Resins: Manufacturers of paints, varnishes and lacquers.

ENERGY, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS
The sector constitutes of 5 per cent of the total membership, distributed in the following sub-sectors:

  • Energy Generation: Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances.
  • Electrical Machinery and Equipment: Sound recorders and reproducers; television image and sound recorders and reproducers

FOOD & BEVERAGES
This is the largest sector and constitutes 22 per cent of total KAM membership. The sub-sectors under this include:

  • Alcoholic Beverages & Spirits: Distilling, rectifying and blending of alcoholic liquors such as whiskey, brandy, rum, gin, liqueurs and prepared mixed drinks (cocktails); the manufacture of alcohol, malt and malt liquors such as beer, ale, porter and stout. The manufacture of wines, cider, perry and other fermented beverages except malt liquors.
  • Bakers & Millers: Grain mills producing products such as flour, seal and stock dry feeds; husking, cleaning and polishing of rice; preparation of breakfast foods such as rolled oats, rice, wheat and corn flakes; parched gram; blended and prepared flour and other cereal and pulse preparations. Coffee, pulse and root peeling mills are included in this group. Also those involved in the manufacture of bread, cakes, cookies, doughnuts, pies, pastries and similar “perishable” bakery products; biscuits and similar “dry” bakery products; macaroni, spaghetti, vermicelli, noodles and similar products.
  • Cocoa, Chocolate and Sugar Confectionery: The manufacture of cocoa and chocolate powder from beans; chocolates; all types of sugar confectionery such as boiled sweets, toffee, marshmallows, fudge, pastilles and fondants; crystallised fruits, sugar-covered nuts, salted nuts, chewing gum, stuffed dates and similar products.
  • Dairy Products: The manufacture of creamery and processed butter; natural and processed cheese; condensed, powdered and evaporated milk; fresh and preserved cream; ice cream, ices and other frozen milk desserts and other edible milk products. The processing (pasteurising, homogenising, vitaminising and bottling) of fluid milk for wholesale or retail distribution is also included.
  • Juices / Waters / Carbonated Soft Drinks: The manufacture of non-alcoholic beverages such as soft drinks, including fruit-flavoured and carbonated fruit drinks, and carbonated mineral waters; the bottling of natural spring and mineral waters.
  • Slaughtering, Preparation and Preservation of Meat: Processing and packing activities such as curing, smoking, salting, pickling, packing in air-tight containers and quick-freezing. Also includes the manufacture of sausage casing, meat soups, meat puddings and pies, the rendering and refining of lard and other edible animal fats.
  • Tobacco: Manufacture of tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, smoking, chewing and homogenised tobacco and snuff. Among the notable operations include stemming, re-drying, and other operations after auctioning which are connected with preparing raw-leaf tobacco for the manufacturing process.
  • Vegetable Oils: The production of vegetable oils, the refining and hydrogenation (hardening) of oils and fats and the production of margarine, compound cooking fats and blended table and salad oils. Also includes the manufacture of lard and other edible fats.

LEATHER & FOOTWEAR
The Leather and Footwear Sector represents 1 per cent of the total membership. The sector has the following sub-sectors:

  • Formal Large Footwear Enterprises: Production of shoes for various market segments and income groups (school, formal, tourist, export).
  • Informal Enterprises: Production of leather products such as shoes, gloves, school and travelling bags.
  • Medium Scale and Informal Leather Goods Enterprises: Production of working gloves (especially for horticulture farms and small-scale metal-working and engineering enterprises), school bags, travelling bags.
  • Small-scale Shoe Manufacturers: Production of shoes for lower income groups and school children.
  • Tanneries: Those involved in the tanning, currying, finishing, embossing and japanning of leather.

METAL & ALLIED
The Metal and Allied sector has 9 per cent of the entire membership. The sector has following sub-sectors:

  • Cold Rolling, Galvanising and Colour Coating
  • Foundry and Forgers
  • General Fabricators & Allied industries
  • Pipes and Tubes
  • Smelting and Hot Rolling
  • Wire and Wire Products

MOTOR VEHICLE ASSEMBLERS & ACCESSORIES
The sector represents 6 per cent of the KAM Membership. It comprises two sub-sectors namely:

  • Motor Vehicle Accessories: Manufacturers of various parts used during vehicle assembly and also for spare parts market.
  • Motor Assembly: Members include those in the manufacture, assembly, re-building and major alteration of complete motor vehicles such as passenger automobiles, commercial cars and buses, lorries and truck trailers.

PAPER & BOARD
The members in the Paper and Board Sector translate to 8 per cent of KAM membership. This sector has the following sub-sectors:

  • Manufacturers of pulp, paper and paperboard
  • Manufacturers of pulp, paper and paperboard articles n.e.c
  • Printing, publishing and allied industries

PHARMACEUTICAL & MEDICAL EQUIPMENT
The sector comprises of 3 per cent of the entire membership. Members are classified into the following sub-sectors:

  • Drugs and Medicines: Includes manufacturers of antibiotics, anti-malaria drugs, anti-amoebics, analgesics, anti-diarrheals, antacids, tranquilizers, antispasmodics, vitamins and anti-ulcers, intravenous solutions and plastic disposable syringes.
  • Manufacturers of Medical Equipment

PLASTICS & RUBBER
The sector comprises of 3 per cent of the entire membership. Members are classified into the following sub-sectors:

  • Plastic Products: Manufacturers of various plastics articles such as PVC pipes and fittings, packaging bags, plastic shoes, crates, bottles, floor tiles, household wares and containers.
  • Rubber Products: Manufacturers of vehicle tyres, retreaded tyres, tubes, rubber rollers and floor tiles.

SERVICES & CONSULTANCY
This sector constitutes of 10 per cent of the total membership and include service industries such as banks, insurance firms, transporters, communication, clearing and forwarding, and advertising. Consultants are small firms that offer technical, professional and advisory services to the formal industry in such areas as environment, labour, management, training and process improvement among others.
TEXTILES & APPAREL
The sector represents 7 per cent of the entire membership. The sector has two sub-sectors namely:

  • Apparels: Those who manufacture wearing apparels by cutting and sewing fabric.
  • Fabric: Those involved in spinning, weaving and finishing textile, the manufacture of made-up textile goods except wearing apparel, knitting mills, manufacture of carpets and rugs.

TIMBER, WOOD & FURNITURE
This sector has 2 per cent of the KAM membership. It has two sub-sectors namely:

  • Furniture: Manufacturers of furniture and fixtures.
  • Wood Products: Manufacturers of lumber, sash, doors, window and door frames, other wooden building materials and prefabricated wooden parts and structures; veneer, plywood, hard board and particle board; cooperage and other wood stock and excelsior. Included also is the preservation of wood.

FRESH PRODUCE
This sector represents 1 per cent of KAM Membership. The main sub-sector and this sector are the producers of fresh produce i.e. Producer of Fresh Flowers

(Other sectors include Multinationals, ICT, Bus Body Builders and Salt Sub-sector.)

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